HPE‚Äôs enhanced portfolio of computing solutions using the new AMD EPYC‚ĄĘ 7003 Series Processor breaks world records with up to 39% better performance and greater energy efficiency to target any workload
HOUSTON, Texas ‚Äď March 15, 2021‚Äď Hew¬≠lett Packard Enter¬≠pri¬≠se (NYSE: HPE) today announ¬≠ced record-brea¬≠king per¬≠for¬≠mance on a wide ran¬≠ge of deman¬≠ding workloads, sur¬≠pas¬≠sing com¬≠pe¬≠ti¬≠tors by up to 39%1 with its new com¬≠pu¬≠ting solu¬≠ti¬≠ons as part of the industry‚Äôs broa¬≠dest set of AMD EPYC‚ĄĘ pro¬≠ces¬≠sor-based offe¬≠rings. By using the new AMD EPYC‚ĄĘ 7003 Series Pro¬≠ces¬≠sor laun¬≠ched today, HPE has secu¬≠red 19 world records in key are¬≠as for opti¬≠mi¬≠zing workload expe¬≠ri¬≠en¬≠ces, inclu¬≠ding achie¬≠ving lea¬≠der¬≠ship posi¬≠ti¬≠ons in vir¬≠tua¬≠liza¬≠ti¬≠on, ener¬≠gy effi¬≠ci¬≠en¬≠cy, data¬≠ba¬≠se ana¬≠ly¬≠tic workloads, and Java appli¬≠ca¬≠ti¬≠ons. To date, HPE ser¬≠vers and sys¬≠tems using 2nd and 3rd Gen AMD EPYC pro¬≠ces¬≠sors com¬≠bi¬≠ned hold a total of 32 world records.
HPE tack¬≠les deman¬≠ding workloads from the edge to exas¬≠ca¬≠le with new AMD-based solutions
This new port¬≠fo¬≠lio of HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant ser¬≠vers and HPE Apol¬≠lo sys¬≠tems uses the 3rd Gen AMD EPYC‚ĄĘ pro¬≠ces¬≠sor to pro¬≠vi¬≠de foun¬≠da¬≠tio¬≠nal com¬≠pu¬≠te plat¬≠forms that deli¬≠ver unmat¬≠ched per¬≠for¬≠mance, secu¬≠ri¬≠ty, auto¬≠ma¬≠ti¬≠on, and remo¬≠te manage¬≠ment capa¬≠bi¬≠li¬≠ties to sup¬≠port a ran¬≠ge of cri¬≠ti¬≠cal workloads that are essen¬≠ti¬≠al to digi¬≠tal trans¬≠for¬≠ma¬≠ti¬≠on. Addi¬≠tio¬≠nal¬≠ly, HPE is offe¬≠ring the HPE Cray EX super¬≠com¬≠pu¬≠ter, lever¬≠aging the 3rd Gen AMD EPYC‚ĄĘ, to power high-end super¬≠com¬≠pu¬≠ting needs, such as exas¬≠ca¬≠le-class sys¬≠tems that are up to 10X fas¬≠ter than today‚Äôs most powerful super¬≠com¬≠pu¬≠ters. With the enhan¬≠ced port¬≠fo¬≠lio and advance¬≠ments to per¬≠for¬≠mance, HPE is enab¬≠ling orga¬≠niza¬≠ti¬≠ons to seam¬≠less¬≠ly sca¬≠le, mana¬≠ge and speed time-to-value for any expe¬≠ri¬≠ence from the edge to exascale.
Deli¬≠ve¬≠ring trus¬≠ted, next-gene¬≠ra¬≠ti¬≠on com¬≠pu¬≠ting in an as-a-ser¬≠vice experience
Cus¬≠to¬≠mers can easi¬≠ly adopt the¬≠se latest HPE solu¬≠ti¬≠ons using HPE Green¬≠La¬≠ke, an ela¬≠s¬≠tic, pay-per-use, as-a-ser¬≠vice plat¬≠form that can run on-pre¬≠mi¬≠ses, at the edge, or in a colo¬≠ca¬≠ti¬≠on faci¬≠li¬≠ty. HPE Green¬≠La¬≠ke com¬≠bi¬≠nes the sim¬≠pli¬≠ci¬≠ty and agi¬≠li¬≠ty of the cloud with the gover¬≠nan¬≠ce, com¬≠pli¬≠ance, and visi¬≠bi¬≠li¬≠ty that comes with hybrid cloud.
‚ÄúDigi¬≠tal trans¬≠for¬≠ma¬≠ti¬≠on is res¬≠ha¬≠ping every indus¬≠try, and new digi¬≠tal models are evol¬≠ving to sup¬≠port the gro¬≠wing adop¬≠ti¬≠on of edge, 5G and arti¬≠fi¬≠ci¬≠al intel¬≠li¬≠gence tech¬≠no¬≠lo¬≠gies as well as adapt to new tech¬≠no¬≠lo¬≠gy demands prompt¬≠ed by COVID-19. HPE is addres¬≠sing the¬≠se dyna¬≠mic mar¬≠ket needs every step of the way with high-per¬≠forming solu¬≠ti¬≠ons that can sca¬≠le, secu¬≠re and effi¬≠ci¬≠ent¬≠ly run workloads to speed time-to-value,‚ÄĚ said Neil Mac¬≠Do¬≠nald, seni¬≠or vice pre¬≠si¬≠dent and gene¬≠ral mana¬≠ger, Com¬≠pu¬≠te Busi¬≠ness Group at HPE. ‚ÄúToday, through our long¬≠time col¬≠la¬≠bo¬≠ra¬≠ti¬≠on and joint engi¬≠nee¬≠ring with AMD, we are deli¬≠ve¬≠ring the big¬≠gest and broa¬≠dest port¬≠fo¬≠lio of com¬≠pu¬≠ting solu¬≠ti¬≠ons, using the new 3rd Gen AMD EPYC‚ĄĘ pro¬≠ces¬≠sor, to trans¬≠form infra¬≠struc¬≠tu¬≠re and pro¬≠vi¬≠de the eco¬≠no¬≠mics, agi¬≠li¬≠ty and ease of manage¬≠ment that is cri¬≠ti¬≠cal to tomorrow‚Äôs data cen¬≠ter needs.‚ÄĚ
HPE achie¬≠ves world records in vir¬≠tua¬≠liza¬≠ti¬≠on, ener¬≠gy effi¬≠ci¬≠en¬≠cy, decis¬≠i¬≠on sup¬≠port data¬≠ba¬≠se workloads, and ser¬≠ver-side Java
HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant ser¬≠vers and HPE Apol¬≠lo sys¬≠tems, which offer sca¬≠lable, ver¬≠sa¬≠ti¬≠le, and end-to-end secu¬≠ri¬≠ty capa¬≠bi¬≠li¬≠ties to power any workload, achie¬≠ved lea¬≠der¬≠ship posi¬≠ti¬≠ons and seve¬≠ral world records, based on inde¬≠pen¬≠dent indus¬≠try bench¬≠marks. The results include:
- Dri¬≠ving ser¬≠ver con¬≠so¬≠li¬≠da¬≠ti¬≠on up and ope¬≠ra¬≠tio¬≠nal cos¬≠ts down with vir¬≠tua¬≠liza¬≠ti¬≠on achie¬≠ved with the HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant DL385 Gen10 Plus v2 ser¬≠ver, pro¬≠vi¬≠ding 39% bet¬≠ter per¬≠for¬≠mance than the pre¬≠vious record hol¬≠der.1
- Incre¬≠asing per¬≠for¬≠mance and sus¬≠taina¬≠bi¬≠li¬≠ty to redu¬≠ce ope¬≠ra¬≠tio¬≠nal cos¬≠ts with the HPE Apol¬≠lo 2000Gen10 Plus sys¬≠tem with HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant XL225n Gen10 Plus ser¬≠ver deli¬≠ve¬≠ring 18 world records and up to 54% hig¬≠her ener¬≠gy effi¬≠ci¬≠en¬≠cy than other 4‚ÄĎnode sys¬≠tems.2
- Spee¬≠ding up data¬≠ba¬≠se queries on decis¬≠i¬≠on sup¬≠port workloads with the HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant DL345 Gen10 Plus ser¬≠ver, a brand new ser¬≠ver line tar¬≠ge¬≠ted for sto¬≠rage-opti¬≠mi¬≠zed solu¬≠ti¬≠ons for data¬≠ba¬≠se workloads. The new ser¬≠ver achie¬≠ved the num¬≠ber one non-clus¬≠te¬≠red result for decis¬≠i¬≠on sup¬≠port data¬≠ba¬≠se workloads3, and the HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant DL385 Gen10 Plus v2 ser¬≠ver achie¬≠ved two num¬≠ber one non-clus¬≠te¬≠red results pro¬≠vi¬≠ding 14.4% bet¬≠ter per¬≠for¬≠mance com¬≠pared to a 4‚ÄĎsocket ser¬≠ver and 15.5% cost reduc¬≠tion.4
- Opti¬≠mi¬≠zing Java appli¬≠ca¬≠ti¬≠ons for emer¬≠ging use cases across indus¬≠tries such as ban¬≠king and finan¬≠cial ser¬≠vices, manu¬≠fac¬≠tu¬≠ring, and health¬≠ca¬≠re and life sci¬≠en¬≠ces with the HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant DL385 Gen10 Plus v2 ser¬≠ver show¬≠ing two-pro¬≠ces¬≠sor lea¬≠der¬≠ship with bet¬≠ter per¬≠for¬≠mance by up to 17.1%5 and the HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant DL345 Gen10 Plus ser¬≠ver with one-pro¬≠ces¬≠sor per¬≠for¬≠mance by up to 16.8%.6
Enter¬≠pri¬≠ses gain the most trus¬≠ted, high-per¬≠forming port¬≠fo¬≠lio of advan¬≠ced AMD CPU-based HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant ser¬≠vers to tack¬≠le tomorrow‚Äôs workload needs
HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant ser¬≠vers pro¬≠vi¬≠de foun¬≠da¬≠tio¬≠nal intel¬≠li¬≠gence to auto¬≠ma¬≠te manage¬≠ment tasks and opti¬≠mi¬≠ze workload per¬≠for¬≠mance with effi¬≠ci¬≠en¬≠cy to deli¬≠ver bet¬≠ter out¬≠co¬≠mes, fas¬≠ter. The fami¬≠ly of ser¬≠vers also pro¬≠vi¬≠de ver¬≠sa¬≠ti¬≠li¬≠ty and sca¬≠le to sup¬≠port any solu¬≠ti¬≠on for modern IT needs, such as 5G, edge, arti¬≠fi¬≠ci¬≠al intel¬≠li¬≠gence and ana¬≠ly¬≠tics to modern IT capa¬≠bi¬≠li¬≠ties using hyper¬≠con¬≠ver¬≠ged infra¬≠struc¬≠tu¬≠re, con¬≠tai¬≠ners and diver¬≠se CPU and GPU architectures.
Addi¬≠tio¬≠nal¬≠ly, HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant ser¬≠vers pro¬≠vi¬≠de a holi¬≠stic, 360-degree view of secu¬≠ri¬≠ty that is embedded at the sili¬≠con level and starts from the time the ser¬≠ver is manu¬≠fac¬≠tu¬≠red and exten¬≠ded throug¬≠hout ship¬≠ping and dis¬≠tri¬≠bu¬≠ti¬≠on, and final¬≠ly during the end of its life¬≠cy¬≠cle, to pro¬≠vi¬≠de com¬≠ple¬≠te, end-to-end data protection.
As part of the port¬≠fo¬≠lio using the 3rd Gen AMD EPYC‚ĄĘ pro¬≠ces¬≠sor, HPE today intro¬≠du¬≠ced two new ser¬≠ver lines to its gro¬≠wing HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant fami¬≠ly with the HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant DL345 Gen10 Plus ser¬≠ver to tar¬≠get sto¬≠rage-opti¬≠mi¬≠zed solu¬≠ti¬≠ons for data¬≠ba¬≠se workloads, and the HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant DL365 Gen10 Plus ser¬≠ver to tar¬≠get vir¬≠tu¬≠al desk¬≠top infra¬≠struc¬≠tu¬≠re (VDI) solutions.
Harnes¬≠sing data and acce¬≠le¬≠ra¬≠ting time-to-insight for any data cen¬≠ter envi¬≠ron¬≠ment with the industry‚Äôs most com¬≠pre¬≠hen¬≠si¬≠ve port¬≠fo¬≠lio for HPC and arti¬≠fi¬≠ci¬≠al intel¬≠li¬≠gence capabilities
HPE Apol¬≠lo sys¬≠tems, which are pur¬≠po¬≠se-built to sup¬≠port HPC appli¬≠ca¬≠ti¬≠ons such as mode¬≠ling and simu¬≠la¬≠ti¬≠on, help orga¬≠niza¬≠ti¬≠ons of any size acce¬≠le¬≠ra¬≠te busi¬≠ness and rese¬≠arch out¬≠co¬≠mes by effi¬≠ci¬≠ent¬≠ly pro¬≠ces¬≠sing lar¬≠ge amounts of data and tur¬≠ning them into digi¬≠tal models to under¬≠stand how some¬≠thing will look and per¬≠form in the real world. The sys¬≠tems are also opti¬≠mi¬≠zed for arti¬≠fi¬≠ci¬≠al intel¬≠li¬≠gence capa¬≠bi¬≠li¬≠ties to impro¬≠ve trai¬≠ning and increase accu¬≠ra¬≠cy in results. HPE is intro¬≠du¬≠cing the HPE Apol¬≠lo 2000 Gen10 Plus and HPE Apol¬≠lo 6500 Gen10 Plus sys¬≠tems with the 3rd Gen of AMD EPYC‚ĄĘ pro¬≠ces¬≠sor to deli¬≠ver even more per¬≠for¬≠mance, effi¬≠ci¬≠en¬≠cy and tar¬≠ge¬≠ted capa¬≠bi¬≠li¬≠ties for HPC and AI workloads.
The enhan¬≠ced HPE Apol¬≠lo sys¬≠tems are also enab¬≠ling the new HPE Green¬≠La¬≠ke cloud ser¬≠vices for HPC which are ful¬≠ly mana¬≠ged ser¬≠vices, allo¬≠wing any enter¬≠pri¬≠se to bene¬≠fit from the power of an agi¬≠le, ela¬≠s¬≠tic, pay-per-use cloud expe¬≠ri¬≠ence to tack¬≠le their most deman¬≠ding com¬≠pu¬≠te and data-inten¬≠si¬≠ve workloads and speed time-to-insight through a fle¬≠xi¬≠ble as-a-ser¬≠vice plat¬≠form that cus¬≠to¬≠mers can run on-pre¬≠mi¬≠ses or in a colo¬≠ca¬≠ti¬≠on facility.
For high-end super¬≠com¬≠pu¬≠ting solu¬≠ti¬≠ons, HPE deli¬≠vers the HPE Cray EX super¬≠com¬≠pu¬≠ter, which fea¬≠tures an advan¬≠ced HPC archi¬≠tec¬≠tu¬≠re desi¬≠gned for next-gene¬≠ra¬≠ti¬≠on super¬≠com¬≠pu¬≠ting, such as for exas¬≠ca¬≠le-class sys¬≠tems that are 10X fas¬≠ter than today‚Äôs most powerful super¬≠com¬≠pu¬≠ters. The latest HPE Cray EX super¬≠com¬≠pu¬≠ters levera¬≠ge AMD tech¬≠no¬≠lo¬≠gy to power some of the world‚Äôs fas¬≠test super¬≠com¬≠pu¬≠ters that are acce¬≠le¬≠ra¬≠ting com¬≠plex sci¬≠en¬≠ti¬≠fic rese¬≠arch across a ran¬≠ge of chal¬≠len¬≠ging are¬≠as from extre¬≠me wea¬≠ther fore¬≠cas¬≠ting and vac¬≠ci¬≠ne dis¬≠co¬≠very to mode¬≠ling and desig¬≠ning auto¬≠mo¬≠bi¬≠les and planes.
HPE is buil¬≠ding super¬≠com¬≠pu¬≠ters using the HPE Cray EX super¬≠com¬≠pu¬≠ter, fea¬≠turing the 3rd Gen AMD EPYC‚ĄĘ pro¬≠ces¬≠sor, for LUMI in Fin¬≠land, as part of the Euro¬≠pean High Per¬≠for¬≠mance Com¬≠pu¬≠ting Joint Under¬≠ta¬≠king, Paw¬≠sey Super¬≠com¬≠pu¬≠ting Cent¬≠re in Aus¬≠tra¬≠lia, and the Natio¬≠nal Cen¬≠ter for Atmo¬≠sphe¬≠ric Rese¬≠arch (NCAR) in the U.S. HPE is also using the HPE Cray EX super¬≠com¬≠pu¬≠ter, lever¬≠aging the 3rd Gen AMD EPYC pro¬≠ces¬≠sor and next-gene¬≠ra¬≠ti¬≠on AMD Instinct‚ĄĘ GPUs , to build one of the first U.S. exas¬≠ca¬≠le sys¬≠tems, cal¬≠led Fron¬≠tier, for the U.S. Depart¬≠ment of Energy‚Äôs Oak Ridge Natio¬≠nal Laboratory.
Full port¬≠fo¬≠lio of HPE ser¬≠vers and sys¬≠tems sup¬≠port¬≠ing the new 3rd Gen AMD EPYC‚ĄĘ pro¬≠ces¬≠sor include:
- HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant DL325 Gen10 Plus v2 ser¬≠ver
- HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant DL385 Gen10 Plus v2 ser¬≠ver
- HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant DL345 Gen10 Plus ser¬≠ver
- HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant DL365 Gen10 Plus ser¬≠ver
- HPE Apol¬≠lo 2000 Gen10 Plus sys¬≠tem with the HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant XL225n Gen10 Plus ser¬≠ver
- HPE Apol¬≠lo 6500 Gen10 Plus sys¬≠tem with the HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant XL675d Gen10 Plus ser¬≠ver
- HPE Apol¬≠lo 6500 Gen10 Plus sys¬≠tem with the HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant XL645d Gen10 Plus ser¬≠ver
- HPE Cray EX super¬≠com¬≠pu¬≠ter EX425
- HPE Cray EX super¬≠com¬≠pu¬≠ter EX235n
All new HPE Apol¬≠lo sys¬≠tems with the 3rd Gen AMD EPYC pro¬≠ces¬≠sor will be available world¬≠wi¬≠de on April 6. All new HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant ser¬≠vers with the 3rd Gen AMD EPYC pro¬≠ces¬≠sor will be available world¬≠wi¬≠de on April 19.
All HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant ser¬≠vers and HPE Apol¬≠lo sys¬≠tems with the 3rd Gen AMD EPYC pro¬≠ces¬≠sor will also be available through HPE GreenLake.
About Hew¬≠lett Packard Enterprise
Hew¬≠lett Packard Enter¬≠pri¬≠se is the glo¬≠bal edge-to-cloud plat¬≠form as-a-ser¬≠vice com¬≠pa¬≠ny that helps orga¬≠niza¬≠ti¬≠ons acce¬≠le¬≠ra¬≠te out¬≠co¬≠mes by unlo¬≠cking value from all of their data, ever¬≠y¬≠whe¬≠re. Built on deca¬≠des of reim¬≠agi¬≠ning the future and inno¬≠vat¬≠ing to advan¬≠ce the way peo¬≠p¬≠le live and work, HPE deli¬≠vers uni¬≠que, open and intel¬≠li¬≠gent tech¬≠no¬≠lo¬≠gy solu¬≠ti¬≠ons, with a con¬≠sis¬≠tent expe¬≠ri¬≠ence across all clouds and edges, to help cus¬≠to¬≠mers deve¬≠lop new busi¬≠ness models, enga¬≠ge in new ways, and increase ope¬≠ra¬≠tio¬≠nal per¬≠for¬≠mance. For more infor¬≠ma¬≠ti¬≠on, visit: www.hpe.com.
AMD, the AMD Arrow logo, EPYC, Instinct, and com¬≠bi¬≠na¬≠ti¬≠ons the¬≠reof are trade¬≠marks of Advan¬≠ced Micro Devices, Inc.
1 VMware¬ģ VMmark¬ģ is a pro¬≠duct of VMware. The com¬≠pe¬≠ti¬≠ti¬≠ve bench¬≠mark claims are based on being the best 2P 4‚ÄĎnode and AMD results on the VMmark 3.1.1 bench¬≠mark, with a score of 33.58 @ 36 tiles. Results as of March 15, 2021. VMmark dis¬≠clo¬≠sures are available at vmware.com/products/vmmark/results3x.html.
2 SPEC and SPECpower_ssj are regis¬≠tered trade¬≠marks of the Stan¬≠dard Per¬≠for¬≠mance Eva¬≠lua¬≠ti¬≠on Cor¬≠po¬≠ra¬≠ti¬≠on (SPEC); all rights reser¬≠ved, see spec.org as of March 15, 2021; 4‚ÄĎ, 3‚ÄĎ, 2‚ÄĎnode con¬≠fi¬≠gu¬≠ra¬≠ti¬≠ons and 4‚ÄĎ, 3‚ÄĎ, 2‚ÄĎnode 2‚ÄĎprocessor con¬≠fi¬≠gu¬≠ra¬≠ti¬≠ons for the over¬≠all, Linux, and Win¬≠dows categories.
3 TPC Bench¬≠mark‚ĄĘ H (TPC‚ÄĎH) per¬≠for¬≠mance as of March 15, 2021. See tpc.org for more infor¬≠ma¬≠ti¬≠on. Cla¬≠im based on having the #1 per¬≠for¬≠mance for a non-clus¬≠te¬≠red sys¬≠tem on the TPC‚ÄĎH @ 3000GB sca¬≠le fac¬≠tor. Con¬≠fi¬≠gu¬≠ra¬≠ti¬≠on: 1 HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant DL345 Gen10 Plus ser¬≠ver used 1 AMD EPYC 7763 2.45 GHz pro¬≠ces¬≠sor; 1 socket/64 cores/128 threads; Red Hat Enter¬≠pri¬≠se Linux 8.3; Micro¬≠soft¬ģ SQL Ser¬≠ver 2019 Enter¬≠pri¬≠se Edi¬≠ti¬≠on. TPC‚ÄĎH results show the HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant DL345 Gen10 Plus with a result of 1,346,932.7 QphH @ 3000GB and $0.40 USD/QphH @ 3000GB with a sys¬≠tem avai¬≠la¬≠bi¬≠li¬≠ty of April 19, 2021; see tpc.org/3352 for details.
4 TPC‚ÄĎH per¬≠for¬≠mance as of March 15, 2021. See tpc.org for more infor¬≠ma¬≠ti¬≠on. Cla¬≠im based on having the #1 per¬≠for¬≠mance and pri¬≠ce-per¬≠for¬≠mance for a non-clus¬≠te¬≠red sys¬≠tem on the TPC‚ÄĎH @ 10000GB sca¬≠le fac¬≠tor. Con¬≠fi¬≠gu¬≠ra¬≠ti¬≠on: 1 HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant DL385 Gen10 Plus v2 ser¬≠ver used 2 AMD EPYC 7763 2.45 GHz pro¬≠ces¬≠sors; 2 socket/128 cores/256 threads; Red Hat Enter¬≠pri¬≠se Linux 8.3; Micro¬≠soft¬ģ SQL Ser¬≠ver 2019 Enter¬≠pri¬≠se Edi¬≠ti¬≠on. TPC‚ÄĎH results show the HPE Pro¬≠Li¬≠ant DL385 Gen10 Plus v2 with a result of 1,883,497.4 QphH @ 10000GB and $0.56 USD/QphH @ 10000GB with a sys¬≠tem avai¬≠la¬≠bi¬≠li¬≠ty of April 19, 2021; see tpc.org/3351 for details.
5 SPEC and SPEC¬≠jbb are regis¬≠tered trade¬≠marks of the Stan¬≠dard Per¬≠for¬≠mance Eva¬≠lua¬≠ti¬≠on Cor¬≠po¬≠ra¬≠ti¬≠on (SPEC); all rights reser¬≠ved, see spec.org as of March 15, 2021.